- First of all, the USA was worried about the rise of China. It calculated that China was the sole military in the world which could challenge it militarily.
- Then, the USA’s predicament in Iraq and Afghanistan, its failure to teach N. Korea lesson and capture the Al Qaida chief, etc landed the USA in troubled waters. It needed a friend as well as a strong counterweight to China. India with its surging economy, rising military profile, convenient geo-strategic position could be the ideal choice. The US calculated India could be of their help in Proliferation Security Initiative and Logistic Supply Arrangement etc. Besides in future, it could be a part of the US missile defence network comprising Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Israel and the US and help in the interruption of the Chinese missiles.
- The USA was worried about the Russian enterprise to consist a triad involving China, India and Russia. The US also noticed India’s steps towards the SCO. So it decided to bring India into its fold.
- India was a huge defence as well as a consumer market. Besides the US sanctions had affected the US most. Russia was thriving on the huge Indian defence market. Besides, the nuclear deal could revive the US nuclear industry. There was a prospect of huge nuclear business too.
- The Indo-Iran defence relationship became a cause of concern for the USA. The suspected co-operation in the fields of radars, missiles and navy rattled the USA. So India had to be weaned away from a country of ‘the axis of evil’.
- The Indian-American community became a formidable section of the US Society. Their spectacular rise coupled with their huge contribution towards the election funds forced the policy makers to heed to them. The deal could be an effective symbol of the govt’s gift to the community. Besides, the US business community Whole heartedly join him.
- The USA needed a base as well as a friend to patrol the Indian ocean. India was the right.
- From the non-proliferation point of view, India had to be restrained from selling any sensitive nuclear items and technologies other countries.
- Besides, Quite unnoticed yet understandable is the steady progress of the Indian missile programme. Along with their successes in supercomputer and cryogenic technology, India was nearing the efficiency to build ICBMs. If unengaged, the Indian ICBMs with nuclear and thermo nuclear warheads could have threatened the US.
All these propelled the USA to think out of the box and engage the surging economic power with nascent superpower potential. The bye-product was the Nuclear Agreement.